The casino (also called a gambling house or a gaming establishment) is a place where people can play a variety of games of chance for money. Casinos often have restaurants, free drinks and stage shows to attract patrons. Some states regulate casinos, while others endorse them or prohibit them altogether. Some casinos are owned by Native American tribes and operated under their jurisdictions. Regardless of ownership, all casinos offer similar luxuries to attract customers: games of chance, food and drink, and entertainment.
The word casino is derived from the Latin word cazino, meaning “house of chance.” Gambling has been a part of human culture throughout recorded history, with primitive protodice and carved knuckle bones found at ancient archaeological sites [Source: Schwartz]. But it was not until the 16th century that the modern casino developed, inspired by a European craze for gambling. Until then, gamblers could only find a variety of ways to wager their fortunes in individual bars and homes.
Today’s casinos have grown into enormous complexes with multiple restaurants, rooms for various casino games and, of course, slot machines and other types of gaming devices. These casinos may also include shopping and entertainment options, as well as spas and other luxury amenities. In the United States, the largest concentration of casinos is in Las Vegas and Atlantic City; however, there are many more casinos located throughout the country.
Something about the gambling environment encourages some players to cheat or steal, either in collusion with staff members or independently. This is why casinos invest a significant amount of time, effort and money in security measures. The most obvious security measures are surveillance cameras that constantly monitor the action. These are usually located in every corner of the casino floor, although some casinos employ more sophisticated systems to provide an “eye-in-the-sky” view of everything that is going on; these can be adjusted to focus on suspicious patrons by security workers in a separate room filled with banks of monitors.
In addition to the cameras, most casinos have strict rules of conduct and behavior for their patrons. These rules are designed to prevent cheating, stealing and other types of misconduct. Security personnel watch the games closely, noting the habits of each player and observing patterns that might indicate cheating. The bright and sometimes gaudy color schemes of casinos are also designed to keep people awake and focused; red, for example, is a popular color because it is known to stimulate the brain.
Another important source of revenue for casinos is comps – free goods or services offered to big spenders by the casino. These can include hotel rooms, meals, tickets to shows, limo service and airline tickets. The terms of comps vary between casinos and between games, but they are typically awarded based on the number of hours spent at a game or on the total amount wagered. Most casinos have a dedicated customer service department to handle these requests. Some also have self-service kiosks that allow players to request comps and track their playing histories.